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English Release 2-September 2014
Date Month Year
  • Vice President's Secretariat
  • Vice President Inaugurates 89th Foundation Course at Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration in Mussoorie
  • Prime Minister's Office
  • Text of Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi’s remarks at the Indian Community Reception in Tokyo
  • Text of Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi’s remarks after inaugurating the TCS Japan Technology and Culture Academy
  • Text of Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi’s keynote address at welcome reception hosted by Japan-India Association and Japan-India Parliamentary Friendship League
  • PM inaugurates Vivekananda Cultural Centre at Indian Embassy in Tokyo
  • PM’s remarks at the Indian Community Reception in Tokyo
  • PM's keynote address at welcome reception hosted by Japan-India Association and Japan-India Parliamentary Friendship League
  • Text of Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi’s keynote address at event organized by Nikkei Inc. and Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO)
  • PM's keynote address at event organized by Nikkei Inc. and Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO)
  • Text of Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi’s special lecture at the University of the Sacred Heart, Tokyo
  • PM’s remarks after inaugurating the TCS Japan Technology and Culture Academy
  • PM's special lecture at the University of the Sacred Heart, Tokyo
  • Min of Agriculture
  • Government puts Agriculture Sector on Fast Track
  • Min of Defence
  • Fast Patrol Vessel ICGS Abhiraj Commissioned at Tuticorin
  • Min of Environment and Forests
  • Initiatives of the Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change
  • Ministry of Finance
  • A High Level Committee Constituted for Considering the Proposals for Assessment of Income arising or accruing before 1st April, 2012 on Account of Retrospective Amendments to the Provisions Related to Indirect Transfer
  • Min of Health and Family Welfare
  • Revised strategy for Kala Azar eradication launched
  • Min of Home Affairs
  • MHA Asks Manipur Govt to Take Preventive Steps in view of UNC Blockade
  • Union Home Minister asks Kerala CM to take Strict action against Political Killings
  • Min of Information & Broadcasting
  • I&B Ministry initiatives to enhance Outreach and information dissemination through multiple platforms
  • Min of Petroleum & Natural Gas
  • Petroleum Minister emphasizes on adopting energy efficient techniques for better development of the nation
  • Global crude oil price of Indian Basket was US$ 101.29 per bbl on 01.09.2014
  • Min of Power
  • Landmark Initiatives for Energy Efficiency Launched
  • Min of Rural Development
  • Sweeping changes made in MGNREGA by Nitin Gadkari
  • Min of Science & Technology
  • Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB) Releases the Annual Report for the Year 2013-14
  • MoU Signed between National Cancer Institute, AIIMS, Jhajjar Campus and DBT, GOI
  • Dr Jitendra Singh Announces DBT Collaboration in Establishing A “National Cancer Institute” at Jhajjar, Haryana.
  • Min of Tribal Affairs
  • “Single Window System” for Obtaining Market Information on Minor Forest Produces Through Toll Free Number 1800 180 1551

Previous Date

 
Ministry of Communications & Information Technology30-August, 2004 17:16 IST
Postage stamp on Panini
The Department of Posts has released a postage stamp today in commemoration of India’s Heritage in Grammar and Mathematics which was influenced by the accomplishments of Panini, one of the greatest grammarians of all time whose work revolutionised the use of language not only in India but also in the rest of the world. The stamp is in the denomination of Rs. 5.

Panini, whose lifetime was believed to be between 520 BC and 460 BC, was born in Shalatula, a town near Taxilla on the Indus river in the present-day North-West Province in Pakistan. Though the dates given for Panini’s birth range from the seventh to fourth century BC, it is believed he was born about 520 BC.

Panini’s brilliant account of the structure of the Sanskrit language seeks to provide a complete, maximally concise and theoretically consistent analysis. It unfolds a theory of human language where the infinite language is generated by finite grammar which modern linguistic acknowledges as the complete, generative grammar of any language yet written.

Panini gives formal production rules and definitions to describe Sanskrit grammar. There are four major components of his grammar (I) Astadhyayi or Astaka (ii) Sivasutras, (iii) Dhatupatha and (iv) Ganapatha. Today, Panini’s grammar has been compared to Euclid’s geometry and his constructions can be seen as comparable to modern definitions of a mathematical function. Panini’s rules are said to be perfect-that is, they perfectly describe the Sanskrit morphology, and are regarded as so clear that computer scientists have made use of them to teach computers to understand Sanskrit. Panini uses metarules, transformations and recursion in such sophistication that his grammar has the computing power equivalent to a Turing machine. In this sense Panini may be considered the father of computing machines.
(Release ID :3583)

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