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English Release 31-July 2014
Date Month Year
  • President's Secretariat
  • Envoys of Five Nations present credentials to President of India
  • President of India to visit West Bengal and Telangana on August 1 and 2, 2014

  • Prime Minister's Office
  • PM highlights Finance Ministry's move to seek creative inputs for the Government's initiative on financial inclusion
  • PM writes to Afghan President
  • Department of Space
  • Indigenous Production of Cryogenic Engine
  • Technical Problems of GSLV
  • Min of Coal
  • Production of Coal
  • Increase in Coal Production
  • Loss of CIL from Underground Mines
  • Min of Defence
  • VLF Transmitting Station Commissioned at Tamil Nadu
  • Min of Earth Science
  • Low Temperature Thermal Desalination Technology Plant
  • Min of External Affairs
  • Third India-Africa Forum Summit
  • Outcome of Brics summit-2014
  • Meeting of Nepal-India Joint Commission
  • Indian Fishermen in Foreign Custody
  • Boosting of Bilateral Ties with China
  • Ministry of Finance
  • Clarification Regarding Acquisition and Transfer of Immovable Property in India by Foreign Nationals
  • Min of Home Affairs
  • Visit of Union Home Minister to Malin Village in Pune
  • Min of Micro,Small & Medium Enterprises
  • Shri Kalraj Mishra launches NSICs B2C Web portal for MSMEs www.msmeshopping.com
  • Min of New and Renewable Energy
  • Installation of Solar Panels on Roof Tops
  • Solar and Wind Potential in Desert Regions
  • Steps to Create Awareness Regarding Importance of Renewable Energy
  • Cost of Renewable Energy Projects
  • Min of Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions
  • Awareness Programme Under Pensioner’s Portal
  • Review of Administrative Process
  • Process of Empanelment Before Appointment
  • ACC Appointments
  • Min of Petroleum & Natural Gas
  • Petroleum Minister calls upon the OMCs to pool their resources, technologies, experiences and best practices to be better prepared for the challenges of the future
  • Global crude oil price of Indian Basket decreased to US$ 106.12 per bbl on 30.07.2014
  • Min of Power
  • Equity Fund for Power Sector
  • Acquisition of Coal Mines Overseas
  • Amendment in Electricity Act, 2003
  • Ministry of Railways
  • Rs. 73,392 crore will be an Estimated Completion Cost of Railways’ Two Dedicated Freight Corridors, Excluding Sonnagar-Dankuni Section
  • Railways Plan to Provide wi-fi Facility at Major Stations and in Important Trains
  • Railways to Install 5000 more Automatic Ticket Vending Machines at Stations
  • Railways to Provide Rail Connectivity to all Capitals of North Eastern Region
  • Min of Road Transport & Highways
  • Toll Tax
  • Steps to Improve the Performance of NHAI
  • Min of Tribal Affairs
  • Schemes for Development of Tribes and Tribal Areas
  • National Committee on Forest Rights Act (FRA) Recommendations Highlights
  • Min of Urban Development
  • Municipal bodies not empowered as required, says Shri M.Venkaiah Naidu
  • Monkey and dog menace at Parliament House being tackled
  • Ministry of Water Resources
  • National Water Policy
  • Average Annual Water Availability for the Country has been Assessed as 1869 Billion Cubic Meters
  • Rs. 4680 crore Incurred on National River Conservation Plan
  • 17300 Exploratory Wells Constructed in Rain Deficient Regions
  • Rs.405 Crore Proposed as Central Assistance to the States for Drainage and Reclamation of Waterlogged Areas
  • 153 Flood Management Proposals Worth Rs. 6374 crore Approved
  • 764 Grossly Polluting Industries Indentified in Five States
  • Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme
  • Capacity Survey of 35 Resevoirs Complete
  • Rs. 6235 Crore Earmarked for Restoration of 10,000 Water Bodies
  • 162 Blocks Notified for Regulation of Ground Water Development in the Country
  • Three Proposals from States Included Under AIBP

  • Min of Women and Child Development
  • NRI Prospective Adoptive Parents to be Treated at Par with Resident Indians in the Proposed Revision of JJ Act
  • Financial Norms for ICPS Revised to Enhance the Quality of Services
  • Vacancy Position in Anganwadi Centres
  • Min of Youth Affairs & Sports
  • India won 4 Silver and 1 Bronze on day 7 of CWG 2014

Previous Date

 
Ministry of Communications & Information Technology30-August, 2004 17:16 IST
Postage stamp on Panini
The Department of Posts has released a postage stamp today in commemoration of India’s Heritage in Grammar and Mathematics which was influenced by the accomplishments of Panini, one of the greatest grammarians of all time whose work revolutionised the use of language not only in India but also in the rest of the world. The stamp is in the denomination of Rs. 5.

Panini, whose lifetime was believed to be between 520 BC and 460 BC, was born in Shalatula, a town near Taxilla on the Indus river in the present-day North-West Province in Pakistan. Though the dates given for Panini’s birth range from the seventh to fourth century BC, it is believed he was born about 520 BC.

Panini’s brilliant account of the structure of the Sanskrit language seeks to provide a complete, maximally concise and theoretically consistent analysis. It unfolds a theory of human language where the infinite language is generated by finite grammar which modern linguistic acknowledges as the complete, generative grammar of any language yet written.

Panini gives formal production rules and definitions to describe Sanskrit grammar. There are four major components of his grammar (I) Astadhyayi or Astaka (ii) Sivasutras, (iii) Dhatupatha and (iv) Ganapatha. Today, Panini’s grammar has been compared to Euclid’s geometry and his constructions can be seen as comparable to modern definitions of a mathematical function. Panini’s rules are said to be perfect-that is, they perfectly describe the Sanskrit morphology, and are regarded as so clear that computer scientists have made use of them to teach computers to understand Sanskrit. Panini uses metarules, transformations and recursion in such sophistication that his grammar has the computing power equivalent to a Turing machine. In this sense Panini may be considered the father of computing machines.
(Release ID :3583)

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