English Release 1-October 2014
- President's Secretariat
- President Congratulates Medal Winners in
Asian Games 2014
- Swatchh Bharat Abhiyan in Rashtrapati Bhavan
- President Expresses Condolences
Over Loss of Lives Due to Crash of Army Helicoper in Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh
- New E-Payment Gateway System with Additional Features for Online Booking of Visits to
Rashtrapati Bhavan Launched
- Message to the Nation from the President on the eve of Gandhi Jayanti
- President Expresses condolences over loss of lives due to collision of trains near Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh
- President’s Durga Puja Greetings
- Vice President's Secretariat
- VICE PRESIDENT RELEASES BOOK “NEHRU GAZING AT TOMORROW” BY DR. H.R.BHARDWAJ
- Vice President Greets Citizens on Dussehra
- Vice President Confers ‘Sir Ross Masood Lifetime Achievement Award for Excellence in Leadership, Education, Community & Public Service-2014’ to Shri Saiyid Hamid
- Prime Minister's Office
- PM sanctions ex-gratia for victims of train accident near Gorakhpur District, Uttar Pradesh
- PM expresses condolences over loss of lives due to collision of trains near Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh
- Text of Remarks by Prime Minister Narendra Modi
at the Joint Press Briefing with President Barack Obama
- English Rendering of Remarks by Prime Minister Narendra Modi at the Joint Press Briefing with President Barack Obama
- Joint Statement during the visit of Prime Minister to USA
- Election Commission
- Gaming Your Way to Democracy: ECI Launches Video Game to Educate Voters
- Min of Civil Aviation
- Hon’ble Minister of Civil Aviation Launched the Massive Cleanliness Campaign under “Swachh Bharat Mission” at Airports across the Country.
- Min of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution
- Ram Villas Paswan undertakes surprise checks to see cleanliness in his Ministry
- Min of Corporate Affairs
- CCI issues order against Super Cassettes Industries Limited for abusing dominant position, imposes penalty of Rs. 2.83crores
- Min of Defence
- Defence Accounts Department Celebrates Its 267th Anniversary
- Air Marshal Jajgeet Singh takes over as
Air Officer-in-Charge maintenance at Air Headquarters
- 24th Edition of Ind-Indo Corpat Concludes
- Min of Earth Science
- Swachh Bharat Campaign at Ministry of Earth Sciences Launched by Dr. Jitendra Singh Amid A Call to Participate in the Cleanliness Drive Whole Heartedly
- Ministry of Finance
- Exchange Rate of Foreign Currency Relating to Imported and Export Goods Notified
- Auction for Sale (Re-Issue) of Government Stocks
- Different Departments of Ministry of Finance to take Coordinated actions to make Swatchh Bharat Campaign a Great Success; Action Plan Drawn to keep the Office Premises Neat and Clean; Goal is to Provide an Aesthetic and Congenial Working Atmosphere for one and all
- Due Date of Deposit of Tax Deducted at Source/Tax Collected at Source during the Month of September, 2014 extended from 7th October, 2014 to 10th October, 2014
- Repayment of 7.56% Government Stock 2014 and 11.83% Government Stock 2014 on November 03, 2014 and November 12, 2014 Respectively
- Min of Food Processing Industries
- Swachhta Abhiyaan Launched in Ministry of Food Processing Industries
- Min of Health and Family Welfare
- “Combine Ram Lila revelry with health checks”: Dr Harsh Vardhan
- Large turnout on National Voluntary Blood Donation Day
- Min of Home Affairs
- Cleanliness Drive in the Ministry of Home Affairs Under ‘Swachh Bharat’ Campaign
- PIO Card valid for Life Time
- Show Cause Notices to Associations for not Filing Mandatory Annual Return
- Min of Human Resource Development
- Union HRD Minister Smriti Irani Releases a Handbook –
Swachh Bharat Swachh Vidyalaya
- Min of New and Renewable Energy
MOU Signed for First Ever Offshore Wind Power Project in India
- Min of Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions
- Combined Defence Services Examination (II), 2014
- Early closure of some Government Offices today
- The President of India authorises Shri Rajiv as Central Vigilance Commissioner
- Min of Petroleum & Natural Gas
- “Mission Swachh Bharat”
- Daily Crude oil price of Indian Basket was US$ 95.34/bbl on 30.09.2014
- Min of Power
- Message of Piyush Goyal on the Eve of Launch of
“Swachh Bharat Mission”
- Power, Coal, MNRE PSUs to Construct 50,000 Toilets in Schools
- Ministry of Railways
- Railway Minister Expresses his Profound Grief Over the Loss of Innocent Lives in Train Accident Near Gorakhpur in Uttar Pradesh
- Min of Science & Technology
- Dr. Jitendra Singh launches campaign of ‘Swatchh Bharat Mission’ in the Ministry of Science and Technology
- Min of Skill Development, Entrepreneurship, Youth Affairs and Sports
- ‘Punarjagaran’- Mass Awakening Campaign for youth to be launched on 2nd October, 2014
- India’s Performance on Day 12 of Asian Games 2014
- Min of Social Justice & Empowerment
- National Awards for Senior Citizens – Vayoshreshtha Samman 2014 presented
- Thaawar Chand Gehlot flags off Walkathon on the International Day of Older Persons
Ministry of Home Affairs22-July, 2009 17:54 IST
|Naxal Problem needs a holistic approach|
|If the Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh has been saying it repeatedly that Naxalism is the biggest challenge to our internal security he clearly wants to underline the dangers it has been posing to India, as also the need to deal with the challenge in a most effective way. |
Naxalism, which started from Naxalbari area in West Bengal in 1967, ostensibly to champion the cause of small farmers and tribals through violence, was wiped out in 1970. It soon became out of fashion in its homeland West Bengal. But the underground operations of the outfit continued.
The problem became more serious after the merger of the Peoples War Group (PWG) and the Maoist Communist Centre (MCC) in September, 2004 which led to the formation of the CPI (Maoist). Naxalism today holds sway in vast swathes of 10 states in the country, involving about 180 districts.
Only last week, the Home Minister said in the Parliament that Naxal challenge had been underestimated over the years as a result of which left wing extremism had increased its area of influence. The Home Minster said that they now pose a very grave challenge to the state. Just days before his statement 36 policemen, including an SP, had been ambushed by the Maoists in Chhatisgarh. It was in this backdrop Mr. Chidambaram urged the Members of Parliament to join hands in facing the challenge. “All sections of the house must recognize that if we must remain a democratic, republic ruled by law, we must collectively rise and face the challenge of left wing extremism” Shri Chidambaram said.
In its status report presented to the Parliament on March 13, 2006, the then Home Minister Mr. Shivraj Patil said that the Naxalite movement continues to persist in terms of spatial spread and intensity of violence. He pointed out that it remains an “area of serious concern”. Naxal violence has claimed about 6000 lives during the last 20 years.
The question that arises is why have the Naxals been able to extend their area of influence over the years to become a serious threat to the country’s internal security?
It is encouraging to know that the government is not treating it as a mere law and order problem. The 2006 status report itself made it clear that the Government would address the problem in a holistic manner. That includes ‘political security, development and public perception management fronts’ as well. Surely, the Naxal problem is deeply rooted in the social and economic disparities in remote and tribal areas. Since the fruits of development have not percolated to these areas, the Naxal outfits are able to exploit the sentiments of the local people. But the outfits themselves have been preventing and in fact destroying, developmental initiatives taken by the government. They destroy roads, railway infrastructure and administrative institutions that are needed for speeding up developmental activities. Not only this, they indulge in train hold-ups, jail breaks and attacks on politicians. That is proof enough to indicate that they do not have real interest in the development of these areas and their loyalties lie elsewhere. Perhaps, they want to usurp political power which, they think, flows through the barrel of the gun.
At the same time, a lot many measures need to be taken to make the fight against Naxalism effective. On top of this is improving governance in the affected areas by moving corrupt officials who exploit the local people. It must also be ensured that large scale projects in these areas do not lead to displacement of people, who in any case, live a life of penury.
Since law and order is a state subject, the role of State Governments in dealing with the problem can hardly be overemphasized. They too have their share of responsibility to fulfil. A good deal of coordination between the Centre and the States is, therefore, called for. This is particularly true in view of the fact that the Outfits have established inter-state networks. The state police need to be modernized to be able to tackle the Naxal attacks. The Greyhounds experiment in Andhra Pradesh is a case in sight. Actionable intelligence collection and sharing mechanisms need to be strengthened. Funds provided to the States under the Police Modernization Scheme need to be better utilized.
The states also need to go fast with raising India Reserve Battalions, particularly in Naxal affected areas, which besides addressing security concerns, provide jobs to the unemployed youth.
A specially trained police force also needs to be put in place to fight the Maoists who basically are adopting guerrilla warfare techniques. There is also a difference in their targets. While other terrorist groups attack the strong foundations of the country such as democracy, secularism and the financial institutions, Maoists make India’s weak points like poverty and economic disparity as their targets. All this needs to be factored in the strategy to deal with the Maoist problem.
Keeping in view the fact that the Naxal groups have been raising mainly land and livelihood issues, it is important that land reforms are taken up on a priority basis. States have also to focus on physical infrastructure like roads, buildings, bridges, railway lines, communications and power etc. There is no room to brook any delay on this account.
Unfortunately, the several rounds of talks held with the Naxals hitherto and the announcements of amnesties and attractive rehabilitation schemes have not worked so far. Some states like Andhra Pradesh have a good rehabilitation policy and it has achieved some success, but a lot more remains to be done.
The Government indeed is committed to address the Naxal problem in right earnest. It is focusing on improving intelligence set up at the state level, providing help to the states to modernize and train their police forces and accelerate development in the affected areas. What is needed is better coordination both on security and developmental fronts to meet the challenge posed by the Naxals.
Disclaimer: The views expressed by the author in this feature are entirely his own and do not necessarily reflect the views of PIB
(Release ID :50833)