Beginning tomorrow (1st
September 2012) India will be among the select few countries in the world to
have stringent EMF( Electromagnetic Frequency) Radiation Standards, established in the
interest of public health, for mobile towers and mobile handsets. Indian
standards would now be 10 times more stringent than more than 90% countries in
The following are the
highlights of the Standards :
Towers (EMF Radiation Norms)
EMF ( Electromagnetic Frequency) exposure limit (Base Station
Emissions) has been lowered to 1/10th of the existing ICNIRP
exposure level, effective 1st Sept. 2012.
Enforcement Resource & Monitoring (TERM) Cells have been entrusted with the
job of conducting audit on the self certification furnished by the Service
Providers. TERM Cell will carry out test audit of 10% of the BTS site on random
basis and on all cases where there is a public complaint.
Centre (TEC) has revised the Test Procedure for measurement of EMF for
verification of EMF compliance for BTS towers in accordance with new standards.
non-compliance of EMF standards, a penalty of Rs. 5 lakhs
is liable to be levied per BTS per Service Provider.
site details i.e. self certification, registration with TERM Cell, test results
etc. is proposed to be provided on DoT web site for
General Public information.
Ø All the new design of mobile
handsets shall comply with the Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) values
of 1.6 W/kg averaged over 1 gram of human tissue w.e.f.
1st Sept. 2012.
Ø The mobile handsets with existing
designs which are compliant with 2.0 W/kg averaged over 10 gram of human
tissue, will continue to co-exist up to 31st August 2013. From 1st
Sept. 2013, only the mobile handsets with revised SAR value of 1.6 W/kg would
be permitted to be manufactured or imported in India.
Ø SAR value information display on the mobile
handsets like IMEI (International Mobile Equipment Identity) display. The
information on SAR values to be made available to the consumer at the point of
Ø Mobile hand set manufactured and sold in India or imported
from other countries shall be checked on random basis for compliance of SAR
limit after TEC SAR Laboratory is set up by end of 2012. Test results from international
accredited labs will be acceptable in the interim period.
Ø The manufacturers in India will provide self
declaration of SAR value of the handset.
Ø Suitable amendments in the Indian Telegraph Rule
under Indian Telegraph Act 1985 are being enacted in support of ensuring
compliance of new SAR values for handsets.
Ø Manufacturer’s mobile handset booklet will contain
Ø All cell phone handsets sold in the market in India will comply with
relevant standards and shall be available in hand free mode.
SAR Test Laboratory:
Ø SAR Test Laboratory is being set up
in Telecom Engineering Centre for testing of SAR value of mobile handsets
imported/ manufactured in India.
New National SAR Standards
from Telecom Engineering Centre
Ø National SAR
standards from Telecom Engineering Centre are being finalized.
Ø DoT is procuring EMF radiation measuring instruments for
TERM cell units.
for EMF radiation measurement for BTS towers is also being considered.
Ø A scientific study in
India-specific context is being undertaken jointly by Dept. of Telecom and
Dept. of Science & Technology in collaboration with ICMR, MOEF & Min of
Science & Technology to derive norms based on credible scientific evidence
taking into account diversity of Indian social context.
to State Government
Ø Department of
Telecommunication has released Guidelines covering BTS Towers so that some
consistency gets evolved on setting up of BTS towers. Guidelines have been placed
on DoT website.
Guidelines for consumers on Mobile handset
usage have been issued and hosted on DoT Web site
(http://www.gov.dot.in) for general public awareness.
Some of them are :
distance – Hold the cell phone away from body to the extent possible.
2. Use a headset (wired or Bluetooth) to
keep the handset away from your head.
3. Do not press the phone handset against
your head. Radio Frequency (RF) energy is inversely proportional to the square
of the distance from the source -- being very close increases energy absorption
- Limit the length of mobile calls.
text as compared to voice wherever possible.
the cell phone on speaker mode.
- When your
phone is ON, don't carry it in chest/breast or pants pocket. When a mobile
phone is ON, it automatically transmits at high power every one or two
minutes to check (poll) the network.
Ø A booklet addressing
possible queries from mobile telecom users on radiation-related issues along
with other informative inputs is also being placed on DoT
Test Procedures Document for Service Providers and Term Cell Units
Ø TEC has revised the Test Procedure
for measurement of EMF elaborating the methodology, calculations, measurements
and report formats for verification of EMF compliance for BTS towers in
accordance with new standards effective from 1st Sept. 2012. This will
be applicable for all Mobile Service Providers and Term Cell Units to verify
Telecommunications, Ministry of Communications & IT has ensured that the new EMF Radiation
standards get implemented through close co-ordination with the industry.
The guidelines underline
the Government’s efforts at providing the best possible Telecom services across
the country without compromising on public safety and /human health.